Urban green communities: Civic engagement and citizenship in city-based nature and ecology
Interest in urban nature and urban ecology is growing all over the world, including Denmark, in the search for more sustainable and viable cities.
New types of civil society-driven projects and initiatives
New types of civil society-driven projects and municipal initiatives focusing on urban nature are gaining ground in, among other things, urban agriculture and townships; recovery of urban watercourses and streams; protection of biodiversity habitats; improvement of footpaths and recreational opportunities; creation of "wild" nature in urban areas; and the construction of green areas for climate adaptation.
Boundaries between city and nature are being negotiated
Together, these projects and initiatives can advance the profound understandings and practices in the modernist city, where city and nature were thought to be distinctly separate domains. Today, the boundaries between the city and nature are being negotiated, as urban planners, local politicians, associations and committed citizens seek new opportunities to unite city and nature into a richer urban environment in the "ecological city", (Franklin 2010).
Focus on new forms of civic engagement in the city's nature
The purpose of the project is thus to investigate the societal processes that promote or prevent such entrenchment, through a continuous focus on new forms of civic engagement in the city's nature. The bearing thesis is that in these years we are experiencing emerging green communities in the city, rooted in new forms of urban-ecological citizenship. The “GrønBy” project investigates this thesis based on a city-sociological research framework and in close collaboration with the Danish Outdoor Council (på dansk: Friluftsrådet) as a central volunteer actor in the field of urban nature and urban recreation in Denmark.
Mapping and analyzing civic engagement in Danish urban nature
Empirically, the project aims at mapping and analyzing civic engagement in urban nature in Denmark. It is about investigating the following questions (these are further elucidated in the description of “GrønBy's” three sub projects):
- How to create and maintain voluntary engagement in urban nature? (sub projects 1 and 2)
- What formal or informal organizational forms take this engagement across smaller, medium and larger Danish cities? (sub project 1)
- How are civic voices involved in practical urban planning? (sub project 2)
- What divergent or overlapping wishes for the urban nature of the future thrive broadly in the Danish (urban) population? (sub project 3)
Answering these questions will enrich the research (and society's) understanding of civic ideals and practices for future more sustainable and viable cities, as well as offer support for further theory and method development in the field of research.
The associated knowledge and capacity building will, in a wider sense, benefit the country's many thousands of volunteers in the environmental field, as well as provide enhanced partnerships between civilian actors and municipalities in the planning and management of urban nature.
Project Manager: Anders Blok, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Copenhagen (UCPH)
Partner in practice: Danish Outdoor Council, with Jakob Simonsen, Head of Department for Outdoor Activities, the Danish Outdoor Council Secretariat, Copenhagen
- Sub project 1 (Anders Blok + research assistant Jakob Laage-Thomsen): Mapping and analysis of green communities in Danish cities
- Sub project 2 (PhD Anette Gravgaard Christensen): Civic engagement and collaborative urban planning
- Sub project 3 (Postdoc Troels Magelund Krarup): Citizens' wishes and visions for the ecological city of the future